Ever wondered what some of the buzz words used in psychology are about? In this section, I will be posting about disorders, types of therapy, interesting facts and much more. Keep coming back for new posts frequently.
¿Se ha preguntado que significan muchas de las palabras usadas en psicología? En esta sección, yo voy a estar escribiendo sobre trastornos psicológicos y mentales, tipos de terapia, datos interesantes y mucho más. Vuelva con frecuencia
Please take these tests with an open mind and DO NOT use the results as a way of 'boxing' yourself into categories. The human experience is too vast and rich. Remember that other than the Big Five the rest of these tests have not obtained solid and reliable empirical results.
Click here to take the test online
Click here to take the test online
As humans, we have an almost unconscious or innate desire to be well, to grow and improve our lives so that we can achieve the family, the job, the life we dream of. In doing so unknowingly or knowingly, we are climbing a pyramid of psychological needs.
If you never heard of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, you are probably kind of confused now so let me explain. In 1943 Abraham Maslow outlined the principles behind the hierarchy of needs and then those principles or stages were placed on a pyramid, that is the pyramid I was referring to earlier. Maslow explained that we all have specific psychological needs geared towards satisfying deficiencies or satisfying a desire for growth.
So, about the pyramid. At the base, we have physiological needs. These are the needs for food, sleep, and air. The next level is the need for safety or security; we all have the need for protection from violence, social and political instability. The third level of the pyramid contains our needs for love and belonging. We need to feel loved and connected to others; as Sue Jonhson has found in research, we are hardwired for connections. The fourth level of the pyramid is the need for self-esteem. It turns out that based on Maslow’s theory, the drive to achieve a healthy level of self-esteem is part of our journey to reach the highest and last level of the pyramid… the self-actualization level. See the pyramid here.
Self-actualization is our tendency to grow towards the fulfillment of our highest psychological needs, the need for meaning, the embodiment of values. What does that mean? It means that we strive to maximize the use of our personal abilities and resources, we want to be the best version of ourselves and feel both challenged and accomplished. Of course, this process is different for everyone especially because we each have different ideas of what feeling accomplished means.
Maslow also said that defensive behaviours can get in the way of growth and must be properly regulated for one to fully realize one’s potential.
For some is the ability to use our talents, strengths, intelligence, etc. at a scale where it can be viewed and admired by many people, for others is the opportunity to make a difference and have an impact in our own worlds. Regardless of the scale of our dreams, we all like the opportunity to reach our potential. That is what self-actualization is about.
The thing is that when we are on the path of self-actualization the needs at the lower levels at least partially met. Look at it this way, if or when we have a need for security or safety our energy will probably not go towards increasing our self-esteem or finding love and belonging. Our energy and efforts will go towards finding that safety and the security we need and just like that, at every level we need the previous ones to be at least partially met
Why should we strive for self-actualization? Well, studies show that traits of self-actualization correlate with well-being, with positive relationships, personal growth, authenticity, purpose and autonomy in life and much more. I don’t know you but it seems to me that self-actualization is at the root of a state of all-around happiness.
Those reporting more characteristics of self-actualization were more motivated by growth, exploration, and love of humanity than the fulfillment of deficiencies in basic needs. The characteristics of self-actualization were also associated with greater well-being across a number of indicators of well-being, including greater life satisfaction, self-acceptance, positive relations, environmental mastery, personal growth, autonomy, purpose in life, and self-transcendent
Of course, I do not have the research to back it up but sometimes I wonder if people who feel stuck or unhappy with what they have, in part, feel that way because they are stuck on the brink of self-actualization. Let me paint a picture, they have a good home and family life, they have friends with whom they can have great times, connect with and enjoy simple pleasures. They many times self-recriminate or speak negatively about themselves, and when you ask about their work, they mainly say “it’s ok”, as in ‘I don’t hate’ it but there is no satisfaction nor joy. If you know someone like this, you should let them know that it is possible they are stuck on the pyramid between self-esteem and self-actualization.
Transactional Analysis (TA) is a theory of personality that helps us understand our psychological structure. TA can bring to the surface the life strategies that we learned in childhood but continue to use as adults even though these strategies could be self-defeating and painful.
Análisis transaccional (TA) es una teoría de personalidad que ayuda a entender como estamos estructurados psicológicamente. En otras palabras, TA saca a la luz las estrategias de vida que, aunque aprendidas en la infancia, continuamos usamos de adultos de una manera inconsciente. Generalmente estas estrategias son contraproducentes y dolorosas y la causa de nuestro estado actual.
CBT is one of the most popular approaches to psychotherapy is action-oriented, and the client is able to implement techniques/skills right away and see immediate results.
La terapia de conocimiento cognitiva o cognoscitiva es una de las formas de terapia más populares usadas por los psicoterapeutas porque provee al cliente con técnicas generalmente sencillas y específicas que pueden traer resultados inmediatos.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy approach proven to be effective in treating mental blocks (as it relates to sports), disturbing memories, a trauma, panic attacks, phobias, and much more.
La desensibilización y reprocesamiento por movimientos oculares se conoce en español por el acrónimo EMDR (su equivalente en inglés) es una técnica muy eficiente en el tratamiento de bloqueos mentales (que es frecuente en deportistas), memorias perturbadoras, trauma, ataques de pánico, fobias y mucho mas.
People use the term bipolar and borderline interchangeably. Most often, when I ask what they mean, I discover they were describing borderline personality disorder. It is important that we know the difference and that we are sensitive when speaking about mental illnesses and disorders.
Lo primero que tenemos que entender es que la principal diferencia es que bipolar es una enfermedad mental (estado de animo) mientras que trastorno límite de la personalidad (tal y como lo dice el nombre) es un trastorno de la personalidad.
How much do you know about narcissism? Did you know, for example, that there are two types of narcissism? Yes, one is overt and the other one is covert. Wan to learn more?
¿Ha escuchado recientemente que nuestra sociedad es víctima de un ola de narcisismo? Personalmente lo he leído y escuchado a través de varias fuentes pero al mismo tiempo me pregunto si todos sabemos de ambos tipos de narcisismo?